Outstanding points in the 1960s were depicted.
The United States in the 1960s had outstanding events up to now, we can say that the United States at that time was a rebellious decade, the society fell into instability. American society was still dominated by white people. In the 1960s, many groups that were previously voiceless or perceived as inferiors became stronger and achieved success in civil rights such as African Americans.
And many celebrities at the time were Martin Luther King Jr, President John F. Kennedy and Marilyn Monroe. They all greatly influenced American society and passed away in that decade. Besides, the United States was disunited because of war. Let’s find out more about the most outstanding American events depicted in the 1960s.
The four freshmen take a seat.
In February 1960, in the state of North Carolina. Four black-colored freshmen from state university North Carolina were Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr., Franklin McCain and David Richmond respectively. They protested by going to a local Woolworth bar and sitting at a whitesarea. They have indirectly protested against discrimination by sitting there for a long time and have no intention of leaving.
In the ensuing morning, 20 black-colored students responded to the movement. The movement was so successful that the local journalists reported management from bars trying to quell the movement. However, this moderate movement has created a strong wave against racism.
Recommending the birth control pill.
Having sex in 1960 had reached a high figure, many children were born and abandoned. On June 23, 1960, the Food and Drug Ministry announced the birth control pill, if used according to instructions and dosage, it would change a woman's menstrual cycle to prevent pregnancy. There were many opinions that the pill helped them to prevent the situation while some others disagree with this method.
However, many actions involved sex and complex bonds have been improved since the introduction of this pill. People are encouraged to read sex books like Sex and the Single Girl, to know more about prenuptial sexual activity, self-satisfaction.
Kennedy and the Vietnam war.
When John F. Kennedy was nominated to be president in 1960, he pledged to keep going to Truman's foreign policy on the Cold War. During his administration, he faced 3 catastrophe events including the establishment of the Berlin Wall, the assault of Bay of Pigs and socialist in Southeast Asia.
Against the socialist in Vietnam, Kennedy promised that he would proclaim the power of the United States. Through the compilation of documents, in 1963, over 16.000 soldiers quartered in Saigon, Vietnam. After the war ended, more than 58.220 American soldiers died in this war and more than 1.600 soldiers have been missing until now.
The invasion of America’s Bay of Pigs.
In early 1959, Fidel Castro was a Cuban communist revolutionary politician. He subverted General Fulgencio Batista - the president of the United States supports Cuba. Fidel did not accept American commerce benefits in Cuba, he opposed the idea. This has changed a lot to the relationship between the two countries. In 1961, the U.S administrators tried to deprive Fidel of the government.
In April of the same year, the U.S Central Intelligence Agency initiated an invasion with 1.400 Cuban citizens living in the United States, who left the country shortly after Fidel became a leader. But unlike the plan, the movement failed for less than 24 hours, the participants of the movement were arrested and punished.
Marylin Monroe suicided.
Everyone knows Marylin Monroe, a megastardom. On August 4, 1962, she was found dead in the state of nudity by her butler and psychotherapist. The butler noticed lots of empty medicine boxes around the bed. It was a shocking event for Hollywood, everyone mourned for the golden girl, her life always encountered negative things even being bothered by the words from the public.
Doctors concluded that she died because of depression, Marylin had been diagnosed with depression before and she often changed mood unpredictably. At that time, she was considered one of the greatest musical and cultural emblems of the 20th century. Besides, her popularity also became negative when she had to endure mockeries, notorieties in the past.
Johnny Carson presents the Tonight Show.
Johnny Carson appeared as the host of “The Tonight Show" in early October 1962. He successfully worked in creating a political entertainment game show every night. His program often begins with monologues, followed by a comedy. All done by interviews and staging.
Carson’s guests, mainly politicians, he also asked them to co-play his comedies. To help the audiences understand politics and entertain at nights. After a decade, he only focused on entertainment to help the audiences relax and he really succeeded in the game show until 1992.
James Bond debuts in Dr.No.
By the end of 1962, Sean Connery had achieved his position as a Hollywood legend thanks to the movie James Bond series. James Bond is a movie about finance and spies. The film consists of 26 series, which is widely watched and remains popular to this day.
The “James Bond” authorization in the introduction of the movie “Dr.No" is also expected. The implied gun image and introductory sequence in both films are depicted quite similarly, both were premiered in 1962 and appreciated. Of course, the topic of music in “James Bond" has impressed the series.
President Kennedy notifies the establishment of a barrier with Cuba in the nuclear crisis.
In 1962, president Kennedy reported publicly the discovery of missile warheads in Cuba. He requested the U.S military to isolate and ban all ships from entering Cuba. Many American residents were afraid because they did not know what was going to happen, and what the purpose of Cuba's nuclear warheads. While the global media speculated if there could be a peace treaty between these two countries.
In the next two weeks, nuclear war will almost occur. Many people panic buy and take protective measures. Particularly, the United States had prepared over 3.500 nuclear warheads ready to be launched. Everything almost fell into crisis. Over a month after the publication will respond to Cuba, president Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev- an administrator in Cuba have signed a peace treaty and destroyed their weapons.
Andy Warhorl’s artwork and its influence.
After the suicide event of Monroe, the artist AndyWarhorl honored her by painting her portraits in pastel colors and introduced the pop art to the public. His creation is called Marylin Diptych, including 50 faces of Hollywood legend Marylin Monroe. The picture has impressed the audiences and sent a message to remember the female artist.
Putting celebrity images into artworks and using soup cans has become a new step in art. This has brought styles and common themes in the art field to be exhibited in art galleries. Art forms assessed at low or high levels are now interconnected, having one common, and creating meaningful commonalities.
Betty Friedan prints the book “The feminine mystique".
Fighting for feminism became popular in 1960 when women were often considered to be dependent on men. Friedan surveyed by interviewing housewives in those days, many said they were quite uncomfortable and always felt despised, which prompted her to do something better. Thus, she wrote the book. In February 1963, the book “The feminine mystique" was printed, which also started a second feminist struggle.
Not stopping there, she continued to survey and ask for advice from housewives while studying how women were described in the press and broadcasting. Her book made the vital role of housewives and mothers in the 1950s. It helped her to win a national award and become the bestselling book of the year.
“Beach Party” heats the box office.
In the fall of 1963, many people went to the movie theater to buy tickets for “Beach Party", hoping to be the first people to see the movie. The film has grossed over $2 million and swept up in many cinemas. The film debuted the entire genre on the beach. It has heated whole cinemas for years.
The contents of the movie “Beach Party" are usually sunny, teenagers in swimsuits, sunny and quite hot, they play at the beach with sports games, parties, campfire in the evening. However, it was not a film that people are interested in, the movies are shown to help the audience reduce stress during political instability while they focused on the plot, the content is worked in California beach.
Martin Luther King JR has a dream.
On Wednesday, August 28, 1963, approximately 250.000 people supported the Great March on Washington movement initiated by King to stand for the civic and financial jurisdictions of colored-citizens. He stood in front of the Lincoln Memorial and spoke strongly “I have a dream", his speech has touched the hearts of many people. He wanted to finish the racism.
He expressed his status as a political authority when he confessed his dream of liberty and fairness in a society divided by racism, white people who always look at African Americans. Strangely, he expressed with respect and desire to be treated fairly. His verbalism at the Lincoln monument and the movement impacted greatly on society, after that two events were included in civil rights law in 1964.
President Kennedy was shot.
On November 22, 1963, the United States was in a passive state when President Kennedy was assassinated. The incident occurred when he and his wife-Jacqueline Kennedy were sitting in the presidential vehicle in Dallas, Texas. In addition, the president is accompanied by two people, the Texas governor-John Connelly and his wife-Nellie Connelly. The governor was also shot and taken to the hospital.
State departments investigated the case and discovered the perpetrator was Harvey Oswald-a former U.S Marine, he had long planned and carried out the assassination alone. The president's case has become a debatable issue. From 1966 to 2004, many opinions that the case contains something involved in the cabal, it still a mystery.
The Beatles debuted on The Ed Sullivan Show.
Four British boys debuted as “the Beatles” band. On February 9, 1964. They performed for the first time at The Ed Sullivan Show in the US. They have set a record in music, making 73 million audiences and fans Beatlemania constantly replay the song “I want to hold your hand”. These four English male singers have become one of the brightest symbols of the United States.
During the 1960s, The Beatles released 16 consecutive albums in the United States. Over the decade, they have sold millions of records, including the best-selling single in the U.S for 6 weeks. They become top racers in the music industry, confirming popularity with the world.
Cassius Clay defeats Sonny Liston.
Cassius Clay and Sonny Lison are two professional American boxers, they had a historic battle. Previous February 25, 1964, everyone knew Liston was a world champion. Their fight in Miami Beach happened differently than admirers expected, the victory went to Cassius Clay and Sonny Liston was defeated. It was a big fall for him. After the result was leaked, there was an investigation to bring justice to Liston.
In the second rematch, Cassius Clay has renamed his name to Muhammed Ali. He accused his previous employers of treating him as a slave. Meanwhile, Liston was arrested for driving violations and hiding weapons in his house. Both of them have lost competition status for a year, but they returned to the ring the following year in the rematch.
Malcolm X was assassinated.
Malcolm is an American minister, he is also a powerful person in the civil rights movement. He was assassinated in February, 1965 while he was speeching in Manhattan. The police have determined he was assassinated by the Nation of Islam. According to reports, Malcolm joined the organization but later he left the organization. He had reported that since leaving the organization, many people in the Nation of Islam tried to annihilate him.
As a former member of the organization, he was a senior leader. According to the document, the reason he was assassinated was that after leaving the organization, he accepted Sunny Islam, another aspect of Islam. In addition, he ignored NOI's ideas and racism, instead he supported ethnic consolidation and African-American rights.
“Bloody Sunday"-obsessive terminology.
On the morning of March 7, 1965, after the death of Jimmie Lee Jackson, 600 civil rights protesters jointly implemented a demonstration. They started from Selma to Montgomery to parley to Governor George Wallace in terms of Lee's death. When they arrived at the Edmunds Pettus viaduct, provincial armies had lined up to prepare for this protest.
After the negotiation, the armies forced the protesters to surrender by throwing tear gas and using sticks to fight. Hundreds of people were physically injured, as well as having serious brain and eye consequences. Shortly thereafter, the news was spread around the country and there was a campaign called “Standing for Selma”.President Johnson vowed to “step into the war”, he promised to denounce crimes and expose the truth at congressional trial.
Commotion at Watts quarter in Los Angeles.
In August 1965, Los Angeles fell into turmoil. According to the report, the Watts quarter had a scuffle with local police. Some citizens who occurred in the case said that the fight happened between a pregnant woman and the police officer, the woman was injured and the event got worse. The case of police assaulting a woman has left a stain on watts neighborhoods, which has made things deeper.
Roughly 4.000 soldiers of the National Guard were mobilized to ease the situation, but to resolve the commotions is not easy. Torching and robbery happened all over Watts, the total cost including $40 million, 34 people died. The incident has reached a climax in American history.
Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
President Johnson signed the voting right law in 1965. It was important that this law is outlawed by racial discrimination, but he signed it during the United States was divided into two sides. This action has helped all citizens engage and eliminate racial prejudice.
To demonstrate equality among peoples, the president requested the pleasure of Martin Luther King Jr., a leader in the struggle for African Americans. Both were present at the event and signed the law together, president Johnson said that inviting King would be the greatest respect because King is a strong leader, he represents the black-color people. After the law was officially enacted, racism was clearly reduced across the country and people were connected.
Star Trek is a science fiction movie about galaxies, alien creatures, tribes. The film was shown on September 8, 1966. After publication, its premiere was well-received by fans of science fiction films. The plot comes about in 2260, Captain Kirk and the crew members explore new spaces in the Milky Way galaxy to find new planets with creatures they have never met before.
Although it was a tough time, the film brought a new breath, the film achieved many achievements in 3 broadcast seasons. In an episode in 1868, the captain Kirk kissed Sublieutenant Uhura, these two main characters are acted by William Shatner and Nichelle Nichols respectively. Revealing, it was the first kiss that appeared on the screen.
Timothy Leary with the famous quote “Turns on, turns in and drops out".
Timothy Leary is an American psychologist, he works at Harvard University. He advocates psychedelic drugs. In a meeting with hippies in San Francisco, he made his famous statement “turns on, turns in and drops out" to them.
During the period working at Harvard, he performed several experiments such as psilocybin and LSD, two of these specific drugs causing hallucinations for users. He said that these drugs will help hippies relieve stress, live more peacefully and openly.
The prior Super Bowl.
Football became an integral part of the sports field on January 15, 1967. The prior AFL-NFL World Championship amusement, also called the Super Bowl, was held in Los Angeles. The competition has created a lot of talented teams and public hostilities among the teams. Needless to say, the front lines between AFL and NFL are really intense.
Particularly, the two featured teams, The Green Bay Packers and the Kansas City Chiefs felt tense from the tournaments. Because AFL games are always broadcasted on NBC, while NFL is broadcasted on SBC. But only the Super Bowl can be broadcasted on both stations. Roughly 75 million people watched as The Green Bay Packers knocked out Kansas City Chiefs with a score of 35-10.
Respect-a powerful petition from Aretha Franklin.
In 1965, Otis Redding wrote and sang the song "Respect", with the content of a man begging for respect when he was feeling the most desperate. But until 2 years after it was released, on April 29, 1967, Aretha Franklin covered the song. Since then, the song has become a strong and powerful live saying.
The song became an immortal national anthem in the women's struggle movement in the 1960s and 1970s. In 2002, the Library of Congress honored the song as a request for respect to this day. “Respect" is still regarded to be the greatest R&B song of all time.
Twiggy occurs in Kennedy Airport.
Leslie Lawson is an English citizen, everyone knows her as “Twiggy". She quickly stepped into modeling in 1966 thanks to her unique appearance. She has pixie hair with a trendy style for men, she has become the darling of the fashion performances. But her career got higher in 1967, when she appeared at Kennedy airport in New York City, she got a cosmopolitan notice.
Twiggy's appearance in the US has attracted many famous newspapers like Time, Vogue, the New Yorker. She is like the storm eye that attracts everyone to her, the reporter works in Daily Mail has described her attractiveness in detail “She looks like 15-year-old teenagers with a quite small stature, she is a person who possesses distinctive, innocent and kind features. Completely different from puberty, rebellious, extravagant and selfish”.
John Phillip writes "San Francisco (be sure to wear flowers in your hair)".
In the summer of 1967, in the Haight Ashbury quarter of San Francisco. A revolution was set up with the meaning of the summer revolution of love. Many protesters including those who disagree with the war in Vietnam, who disagree with government policy, and consumerism. They gathered, chatted, confided and created art together.
The participants in this movement inspired John to write the song "San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)" for his fellow-Scott McKenzie, which quickly climbed to the top of the chart and recreated a section about these groups gathered together. As a result, small quarters around the world like Haight Asbury have also stood up and become cultural groups that are blooming in the summer of love.
Thurgood Marshall becomes a judge.
After Judge Tom Clark retired in the Supreme Court, president John considered the list. On June 13, 1967, he nominated Thurgood Marshall to become the 96th judge of the Supreme Court in the United States. In short, Thurgood Marshall is the only colored judge recently.
The president knew what he had to do, after some consideration, he said that nominating Marshall was the right decision at the right time. Marshall is considered as a supporter of liberal policies. He always protects independent rights.
Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated.
On April 4, 1968, the United States got another sad news. American minister Martin Luther King Jr was shot by James Earl Ray. King is known as the famous leader in the civil rights movement. His death shocked many people, at his funeral many people kept mourning him. It was a great loss.
James Earl Ray was wanted and arrested two months later. At the trial he was charged with murder and sentenced to life imprisonment. Meanwhile, King's family insisted the killing was due to the government's arrangement with the mafia gang. So far, everything has not been clarified.
The 1968 Democratic National Convention and many riots.
The year 1968 was the peak year of difficulty when Arthur King and president Kennedy were assassinated. Everything seemed to fall into crisis, politics and the economy gradually dropped sharply. There had been over 100 riots over the country. However, the political program must continue annually. At a conference in Chicago, the armed conflict raged between protesters and the armies.
According to reports on August 28, an incursion took place unexpectedly in an accommodation. The police have settled approximately 500 protesters, leaving them with only skin injuries. During the week of the conference, some representatives accused the mobilization of secret police forces of Chicago.
Armstrong and Aldrin - the first astronauts walk on the moon.
On July 21, 1969, the US successfully launched the rocket. with the participation of 3 members Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins. However, only Neil and Aldrin were the first astronauts to set foot on the surface of the moon, while Collins stayed at the ship to manage, track and report. Nasa's spaceship Apollo 11 opened a new era in exploring spaces, ending the space race that lasted for decades between Russia and the United States.
Armstrong and Aldrin fetched 50 pounds of material on the moon for experiments. The spaceship landed safely. Three astronauts ride horses in parades in New York as a tribute to them as pioneers in exploration. They also visited 22 other countries as true heroes. They are printed on today's postage stamps. Besides, although Michael Collins is not one of the first to set foot on the moon, Collins is the only one who has witnessed everything is silent, meaning there is no creature or life around him, except him, he had suffered the longest feeling of loneliness in the world.
Jimi Hendrix plays "The Star-Spangled Banner" at Woodstock music and arts festival.
The famous Woodstock music and arts festival was held on August 15 to 18, 1969 in an extramural area in New York. The festival attracted 400.000 people to attend. It was the biggest festival of the year with many famous musicians, singers, stardoms like Jefferson Airplane, The Who. During the country was divided by the war in Vietnam, the festival was organized to send a message of peace from the singers, and call for the ending to the war.
On the last morning before the end of the festival, Jimi Hendrix occurred on the stage to end the show after 3 days of fever nights and sleeplessness. He played “The Star-Spangled Banner" with an electric guitar, he wanted to describe the sound as powerful as the explosions of bombs in Vietnam. As a result, many newspapers have praised the metaphor greatly. In particular, the New York newspaper wrote, "It may have been the best moment at the Woodstock festival, but it was the most memorable moment of the 1960s."